Inorganic chemistry
Organic Chemistry

Sample: Physical properties

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES


  • Boiling points: they have higher boiling points than corresponding alkanes due to the presence of OH groups. In fact they are able to form H bonding, which is a stronger intermolecular force than Van Der Waals forces between alkanes
  • Solubility in water: due to H bonding formation between water and  alcohols, they are soluble in water, especially the first 3 members.

HOWEVER, solubility decreases with an increase of carbons, due to a greater domination of the insoluble alkyl portion over OH group